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The Lekwungen History of Beacon Hill Park.

By Grant Keddie

Beacon Hill was not always a park. It was once part of the land used and occupied by the Lekwungen peoples, today represented by the Songhees and Xwsepsum Nations. When first observed by Europeans in the mid-19th century, there were no Indigenous villages in the present park area. However, the evidence of pre-contact activities and oral tradition tell a different story.

Evidence of the early use of the Park area by Indigenous peoples consists of the remains of village refuse at defensive localities along the waterfront and burial grounds nearby.

Defensive Sites

Burial Cairns

Other Uses

See also Camus Country by Janis Ringuette ~ the fascinating story of the importance of the herb camas to the Lekwungen culture.

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